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The 1968 Project – April

posted: , by Raminta Moore
tags: Adults | Seniors | Art & Culture

The 1968 Project aims to highlight some of the historic events of the year. From protests and famous battles to chart-topping popular hits and box office smashing film, 1968 was a huge historical year with reverberations that we still feel today. The 1968 Project looks to grab snippets of these events on a monthly basis and list them here with links for further exploration.

April 1
The debut novel from Jeffrey Hudson (aka Michael Crichton), A Case of Need, is published.

The 249th and final episode of The Andy Griffith Show airs on television.

Publicity photo of Andy Griffith and Ron Howard from the television program The Andy Griffith Show. The photo was to remind people when the show would return to the air with new episodes and to be careful driving because it was now school time.

April 3rd
Planet of the Apes and 2001: A Space Odyssey both premier.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers what is to be his final speech known as, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop.”
We aren’t engaged in any negative protest and in any negative arguments with anybody. We are saying that we are determined to be men. We are determined to be people. We are saying — We are saying that we are God’s children. And that we are God’s children, we don’t have to live like we are forced to live.”

Simon and Garfunkel release their album, Bookends.

April 4th
Dr. King is assassinated on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

Sign (1969) pro­mot­ing a holiday on the an­ni­ver­sa­ry of King’s death

April 6th
shootout between Black Panthers and Oakland police results in several arrests and deaths, including 16-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton. 

April 10th
Postponed due to the assassination of Dr. King, the 40th annual Academy Awards ceremony takes place at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium. Rod Steiger wins Best Actor for In the Heat of the Night. Best Actor in a Supporting Role goes to George Kennedy for Cool Hand Luke. Katherine Hepburn wins Best Actress for her role in Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner. The award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role goes to Estelle Parsons in Bonnie and Clyde. Mike Nichols wins Best Director for The Graduate. The Best Picture winner for 1968 is In the Heat of the Night.

April 11th
President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
An act to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States of America to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, to extend the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes. -long title

April 14th
Off-Broadway at Theater Four, Mart Crowley’s play, The Boys in the Band premiers. Reviewer Clive Barnes calls this play the “finest treatment of homosexuality I have ever seen on stage.” It is one of the first plays to avoid many of the conventional gay stereotypes for a more complex psychological treatment of the play’s various gay characters, brought together for a birthday party.

This is a poster for The Boys in the Band. The poster art copyright is believed to belong to the distributor of the film, the publisher of the film or the graphic artist.

April 16th
Fay Bainter, stage and film actress passes at the age of 74.

Edna Ferber, author, passes at age 82.

April 19th
The Zombies release their album, Odessey and Oracle.

April 20th
Pierre Trudeau is sworn in as Canada’s 15th Prime Minister. Fortyseven years later, his son Justin, becomes Canada’s 23rd Prime Minister.

April 21st
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead wins Best Play at the 22nd Annual Tony Awards.

April 24th
Hundreds of Columbia University students, protesting the Vietnam War, take over several administration offices at the University. The protests shut down the school and are not broken up by the New York Police Department until April 30th.

April 27th
Sly & The Family Stone release their album, Dance to the Music.

Booker T & The MG’s release Doin’ Our Thing.

April 29th
The premier of Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical, is performed on Broadway.

The poster art copyright is believed to belong to Michael Butler, the original producer of the musical or the graphic artist.

Be sure to come back at the end of next month for events from May 1968!

March 1968

January & February 1968


The 1968 Project – March

posted: , by Raminta Moore
tags: Adults | Seniors | Art & Culture

The 1968 Project aims to highlight some of the historic events of the year. From protests and famous battles to chart-topping popular hits and box office smashing film, 1968 was a huge historical year with reverberations that we still feel today. The 1968 Project looks to grab snippets of these events on a monthly basis and list them here with links for further exploration.

March 1st
Arthur Hailey’s book, Airport is published.

March 4th
Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention release the album, We’re Only in It For the Money.

March 6th
The first performance of Edward Albee’s short play, Box and Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung is performed at the Studio Arena Theater in Buffalo, NY.

March 11th
President Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange).

March 12th
President Johnson barely defeats antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy in the New Hampshire Democratic primary.

March 14th
Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah.

March 15th
Tikki Tikki Tembo by Arlene Mosel is published.

Cover of book, Tikki Tikki Tembo, by Arlene Mosel.

March 16th
On this date, American troops massacre between 300 – 500 civilians in Vietnam. This was only later discovered in November of 1969 and would forever be known as the My Lai Massacre.

Sen. Robert F. Kennedy announces his entrance into the race for the Democratic candidate for President.

Italian composer, Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco passes away in California.

March 18th
Mel Brook’s film, The Producers debuts in theaters.

March 20th
Danish film director, Carl Theodor Dreyer passes away in Denmark.

March 22nd
Daniel Cohn-Bendit and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre. This was the beginning of political protest, which would come to a head later in the year bringing France to the edge of revolution.

March 23rd
Miles Davis releases his album, Nefertiti.

This is the cover art for “Nefertiti” by the artist Miles Davis. The cover art copyright is believed to belong to the label, Columbia Records, or the graphic artist(s).

March 25th
Peter S. Beagle publishes The Last Unicorn, which later is developed into an animated film starring Mia Farrow.

March 27th
Tennessee Williams debuts his play, The Seven Descents of Myrtle, adapted from his short story “Kingdom of Earth,” at the Ethyl Barrymore Theater in New York, New York.

March 29th
Detective film, Madigan, starring Henry Fonda debuts.

March 31st
On national television, President Johnson announces, he will not run for re-election.
“I shall not seek and I will not accept the nomination of my party as your President.”
“What we have won when all our people were united must not be lost in partisanship. I have concluded that I should not permit the Presidency to become involved in partisan decisions.”
 

 

Be sure to come back at the end of next month when we look at what happened in April of 1968!

January & February


The 1968 Project

posted: , by Raminta Moore
tags: Adults | Seniors | Art & Culture

The 1968 Project aims to highlight some of the historic events of the year. From protests and famous battles to chart-topping popular hits and box office smashing film, 1968 was a huge historical year with reverberations that we still feel today. The 1968 Project looks to grab snippets of these events on a monthly basis and list them here with links for further exploration.

Because we’re getting a late start, this post gives you a “twofer” containing highlights from both January and February 1968.

January 3rd
The Herman Miller furniture manufacturer introduced the world to the Panton Chair designed by Verner Panton.

January 8th
Otis Redding‘s single, (Sittin’On) The Dock of the Bay was released, less than one month after he perished in a plane crash.

January 12th
AT&T (The American Telephone and Telegraph Company), announced plans to create a universal emergency telephone number, that could be dialed from any phone in the country. After much analysis, it was discovered that the number least likely to be misdialed was 9-1-1.

January 13th
Johnny Cash performed his historic Folsom Prison concert. This was not Cash’s first performance at the penitentiary, but it was the first to be recorded.

January 21st
At about 5:30 in the morning the North Vietnamese Army began shelling a U.S. Marine base. On this day, the North Vietnamese Army destroyed 98% of the base’s ammunition. This battle lasted 77 days and cost 274 American lives. It is known as the Battle of Khe Sahn.

January 30th
On January 30th, the North Vietnamese Army began its coordinated surprise attack on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. It was known as the Tet Offensive as it began the day before the Vietnamese holiday of Tet, the Vietnamese New Year.

January 31st
At 3:40 in the morning roughly 1,000 guerillas took over the former imperial capital of Hue. More than 2,000 residents were executed over the course of three weeks and another 6,000 were killed in the bombing and shelling of the city by Americans. This counterattack destroyed 18,000 of Hue’s 20,000 houses.

February

February 1st
Saigon’s police chief, Brigadier General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, displayed captured Viet Cong officer, Nguyen Van Lem, to a group of reporters. At this moment, the police chief pulled out his revolver and executed the prisoner at point blank range. This moment was captured by photographer Eddie Adams. This photograph (which will not be shown here), became an iconic symbol of the war.

February 4th
On this day, at the age of 43, Neal Cassady died in a hospital in Mexico after being found in a coma by the side of the road.  

February 6th
The Beatles along with Mike Love, Mia Farrow, Donovan and others travel to India to visit Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in India.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

February 8th
In early February protests began against racial segregation at a local bowling alley. Over several days, student protesters gathered on the campus of South Carolina State College. In the evening a bonfire was lit and as police and firefighters tried to put out the flames, officers of the South Carolina Highway Patrol fired into the crowd of African American students. Twenty-seven people were injured and Harry Ezekial Smith (19), Samuel Hammond Jr. (18), and Delano Middleton (17) were killed. This is known as the Orangeburg Massacre.  

February 12th
On this day, the 25th Golden Globe Awards were held. In the Heat of the Night won the award for Best Picture – Drama and The Graduate won the award for Best Picture – Comedy.

“There’s a great future in plastics. Think about it. Will you think about it?”

February 25th
24-year-old Robert Crumb and his wife Dana sold initial copies of the underground comix title Zap Comix in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood in San Francisco.

February 26th
Professor James D. Watson of Harvard University published his groundbreaking book, The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA.

February 27th
Frankie Lymon, 25, singer of “Why Do Fools Fall in Love,” died of a heroin overdose. 

February 29th
The 10th Annual Grammy Awards were held and The Beatles and their producer George Martin were the big winners. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band won Album of the Year, Best Album Cover, Best Contemporary Album and Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical. Released in 1967, Sgt. Pepper’s revolutionized the recording process. 

 

The 1968 Project will be back at the end of March for more 1968 history!

 

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