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image scan of the Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation. Lithograph by L. Lipman, Milwaukee, Wisc., Feb. 26, 1864. Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress.


Today marks the 155th anniversary of Juneteenth, the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. Two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, on June 19th, 1865, Major General Gordon Granger led Union soldiers into Galveston, Texas, with the news that the War was over and slavery was abolished. According to, there are several guesses as to why the two year delay. Some speculate, that the messenger carrying the notice from the Federal government was murdered. Another theory assumes, that the information was withheld by slave owners hoping to continue to have labor for their cotton harvests.

Pres. Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation had little impact on the people of Texas, since there were few Union troops around at the time to enforce it. But, with the surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee in April 1865 and the arrival of Gen. Gordon Granger’s regiment in Galveston, troops were finally strong enough to enforce the executive order. Newly freed men rejoiced, originating the annual “Juneteenth” celebration, which commemorates the freeing of the slaves in Texas.

Although Juneteenth has been informally celebrated each year since 1865, it wasn’t until June 3, 1979, that Texas became the first state to proclaim Juneteenth an official state holiday.

Photo of Uncle Billy McCrew, freed slave

Billy McCrea, a former slave who remembered the Union troops coming into Texas in 1865 and being told that he was free. Photo by Ruby Terrill Lomax, September 30, 1940.

Currently only Hawaii, North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana are the only states that do not celebrate Juneteenth.

Juneteenth Resources and Local Events:


  • PPL resources regarding Juneteenth and Emancipation.
  • For a list of African American parks from the National Parks Service, please click here.
  • For recordings of former Texas slaves, please click here.
  • For African American Culture in Maine, please click here.
  • For information on African American genealogy from the Library of Congress, please click here.
  • The Freedmen’s Bureau Project has compiled nearly 1.8 million records of men, women and children, searchable online. To use this database to find your African American ancestry, please click here.
  • For the “resolution recognizing the historical significance of Juneteenth Independence Day and expressing the sense of the Senate that history should be regarded as a means for understanding the past and solving the challenges of the future” by the 111th US Congress, please click here.
  • For the African American Biographical Database, collecting information on African Americans from 1790 – 1950, please click here.



  • Juneteenth! with Janaesound, Rodney Mashia, B. Aull, Abdul Ali
    Fri, June 19, 2020, State Theatre Facebook   Doors: 8:00pm – Show: 8:00pm – all ages
  • The third and final installment in Maine Inside Out’s outdoor June performance series is a recognition and celebration of Juneteenth in Portland’s Congress Square Park. Hosted by the MIO Portland group, the event will feature the final performance of MIO’s original play “Unspoken Truth” along with original artwork created in partnership with the Maine Center for Electronic Music. Please come join us for the final performance of this powerful, bold play.
  • The Slave Liberation Project, Installation by Hi Tiger in honor of Juneteenth
    Friday, June 19th, 5:30 – 7:30 Engine, 163 Main Street, Biddeford
  • The National Museum of African American History & Culture’s virtual event, Juneteenth: A Celebration Of Resilience
posted: , by Raminta Moore
tags: Adults | Seniors | Art & Culture | Genealogy
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