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The 1968 Project – August

posted: , by Raminta Moore
tags: Library Collections | Recommended Reads | Adults | Seniors | Art & Culture

The 1968 Project aims to highlight some of the historic events of the year. From protests and famous battles to chart-topping popular hits and box office smashing film, 1968 was a huge historical year with reverberations that we still feel today. The 1968 Project looks to grab snippets of these events on a monthly basis and list them here with links for further exploration.

August 1st
Canada begins to replace their currency containing silver, with nickel.

Kurt Vonnegut’s Welcome to the Monkey House is published.

August 3rd
Hang ’em High, starring Clint Eastwood is released in theaters.

August 7th
A protest against the discrimination of Black citizens turned violent after police arrived to disperse the crowd in the neighborhood of Liberty City, outside of Miami. The protest was arranged to coincide with the Republican National Convention being held in Miami.

The Republican National Convention is held in Miami where former Vice President Richard Nixon, is nominated as the Republican candidate for President.

August 11th
The Beatles release their own record label, Apple Records. 

August 12th
Big Brother and the Holding Company releases Cheap Thrills.

August 17th
The 170 members of the Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee decide to invade Czechoslovakia.

Actress, Mia Farrow drove across the border from El Paso, Texas into Mexico in order to obtain a divorce from singer, Frank Sinatra. The pair had been married for roughly 8 months.

Saundra Williams of Pennsylvania, becomes the first Miss Black America. Miss Black America was created in protest to the Miss America Pageant as they saw a disproportionate amount of minorities in that pagent.

August 19th
Physicist and science writer, George Gamow passed away at age 64.

August 20th
The Prague Spring ends as 500,000 Soviet troops, 6,300 tanks, 550 combat aircraft and 250 transport planes cross the border into Czechoslovakia. This was the largest military exercise since the end of WWII.

Photo from “CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces: The Importance of Clandestine Reporting”

August 21st
Etta James releases her album, Tell Mama.

August 22nd
The Democratic National Convention begins in Chicago. The party nominates Hubert Humphrey for President and Maine Senator, Edmund Muskie for Vice President.

During the convention, protests against the Vietnam War start outside of the convention. 10,000 protestors were met by 23,000 National Guardsmen and police. Four days of protest passed and 668 people were arrested and close to 500 protestors were injured, mostly by law enforcement. Organizers of the protest, dubbed The Chicago Eight, were charged with the intent to start a riot. Members of the Eight included Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden, David Dellinger, Rennie Davis, John Froines, Jerry Rubin, Lee Weiner, and Bobby Seale.

August 23rd
Nigeria launched its final assault against secessionist Biafra. Over the next several months, thousands of civilians were slaughtered as troops were instructed to “shoot anything that moves.”

August 25th
Arthur Ashe becomes the first African American to win the tennis US Singles Tournament.

August 26th
The Beatles release Hey Jude, which becomes their highest selling single ever.

August 27th
Tom Wolfe publishes his counter culture non-fiction title, The Electric Kool-aid Acid Test.

August 30th
The Byrds release Sweetheart of the Rodeo.

Be sure to come back at the end of next month for September’s notable events!
July 1968
June 1968
May 1968
April 1968
March 1968
January & February 1968

Control Those Porcupines: UMaine Extension Bulletins

posted: , by Hazel Koziol
tags: Library Collections | Adults | Portland History | Science & Technology

A bulletin cover with the title "Control Those Porcupines."Have you been looking for some decades-old wisdom about “Growing Snap Beans for Canning”? We’ve got you covered. Reminiscing about “Beginning with Bees in Maine” in days gone by? Check. Have you been losing sleep wondering whether PPL has anything about “Transporting Maine Potatoes by Truck” from 1962? Well, toss and turn no more. Thanks to newly added catalog records originally created by our colleagues at Fogler Library in Orono, PPL’s collection of University of Maine Extension Service bulletins and circulars are now represented and easily findable by title or subject.

Extension services were first established in America in 1914 with the adoption of the Smith-Lever Act (stay with me!), which sought to empower farmers and rural families (and anyone, really) by supplying them with the latest information related to agriculture, home economics, health & nutrition, and other subjects. One of the primary ways this information was able to reach a wide audience was via bulletins and circulars, ranging from simple trifold brochures to 20-page booklets. They were often illustrated, perhaps with a diagram to explain how to test cream for butterfat, or with photographs depicting the ailments caused by lack of calcium.

Three bulletin covers all depicting potatoes: first, a potato on a plate with title "Potatoes from the Consumer's Standpoint"; second, "Growing Maine Potatoes for Chips" shows both potatoes and chips; last, a display of potatoes packaged with advertisements.

In a 1957 address, “Philosophy of Extension Work,” Arthur L. Deering, Dean and Director of the University of Maine College of Agriculture, mused about the nature of the Maine Extension Service and similar organizations all over the country. The philosophy of extension services, he said, “finds its best soil in that agent who has a heartfelt desire to help others and a strong belief in the ability of people to help themselves, once the way is pointed out and their interest aroused” (p. 5). Psst… that doesn’t sound too unlike a public library!

One bulletin cover depicts a woman demonstrating use of electric lamp; a second bulletin cover depicts a farmer spreading DDT on potato cropsPPL has about 250+ of these original bulletins and circulars in our Portland Room Archives, and they make for an interesting—and at times entertaining—window into a time before widespread factory farming, increased urbanization, and digital society. From instructions on the application of DDT (banned for agricultural use in 1972) to tips for transitioning from kerosene lamps to electric lighting, an afternoon spent browsing these bulletins from the Extension’s early years is something like library-assisted time travel.

Much of PPL’s bulletin collection was published in the ‘30s and ‘40s, and the A bulletin cover with the title "Less Ring Rot Means More Food For Freedom" with a large V for victory.concerns of the UMaine Extension reflect the concerns of WWII-era America. Extension services at this time were charged by Congress with recruiting emergency agricultural workers and overseeing the Farm Labor program, an effort that is plainly evident in dozens of circulars’ headings: “Green and yellow vegetables on the firing line”; “Milk and bullets fight together”; “Raise rabbits in wartime: food and fur are ammunition.” Several pamphlets urge teenagers to spend their summer vacations as Victory Farm Volunteers and implore women to consider joining the Women’s Emergency Farm Service.

For all the historical value of this collection, it’s worth noting that our local Extension Services are far from a thing of the past. UMaine Cooperative Extension is still very active, with fourteen offices spread out among Maine’s sixteen counties. The bulletins continue as well, now available to download for free from the Extension’s website. For example, the recent Bulletin 1061 enumerates the ways smartphones can be used to benefit farm business. As they have for a century, extension services are continuously adapting to the latest research and changes in technology to meet the needs of healthy, empowered communities.

"Extension is to aid. That is, it is not to be the sole agency diffusing 'among the people,' not the rural people only, nor the urban, nor the well-to-do, nor those on the family-sized farm, but the inference is to all the people." - Arthur L. Deering, 1957

The 1968 Project – July

posted: , by Raminta Moore
tags: Library Collections | Adults | Seniors | Art & Culture

The 1968 Project aims to highlight some of the historic events of the year. From protests and famous battles to chart-topping popular hits and box office smashing film, 1968 was a huge historical year with reverberations that we still feel today. The 1968 Project looks to grab snippets of these events on a monthly basis and list them here with links for further exploration.

July 1st
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was signed in Washington, D.C., Moscow and London. This treaty aimed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and encourage peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

The Band releases Music from Big Pink.

July 3rd 
Chairman Mao Zedong issues the July 3 Public Notice. This “notice” denounced the violent “counterrevolutionary” crimes and chaos. In the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, it was estimated that over 80,000 people were killed before and after the notice.

The Doors release Waiting for the Sun.

The movie Salt and Pepper, starring Sammy Davis Jr. and Peter Lawford, is released in cinemas.

July 6th
The FBI sends out a memorandum to its field offices outlining its approved COINTELPRO (COunter INTELligence PROgram) for disrupting anti-government organizations. The program was exposed in 1971. In 1976 a Congressional Select Committee deemed the FBI’s program as unconstitutional.

July 7th
The Yardbirds play their final concert at the Luton College of Technology in Bedfordshire, England.  

Photo from the 1968 US Yarbirds tour. Unknown photographer.

Leo Sowerby, winner of a Pulitzer Prize in 1946 for his cantata, Canticle of the Sun, passed away at a summer choir camp.  

July 12th
The Best Nest by P.D. Eastman is published by Random House Children’s Books.

July 16th
Alexander Dubcek, the leader of Communist Czechoslovakia, who had enacted democratic reforms, is given a two week deadline by the Communist leaders in Moscow to justify those reforms, later dubbed the “Prague Spring.”

King Kong Escapes is released in theaters.

King Kong Escapes film still.

July 17th
The 17 July Revolution occurs in Iraq as the Ba’ath Party takes over the government. The 17 July Revolution was a bloodless coup which brought the Arab Socialist Ba’ath party to power. Saddam Hussein was a major participant of the coup. 

July 18th
The Grateful Dead release Anthem of the Sun.

Super Session is released by Mike Bloomfield, Al Kooper and Stephen Stills.

July 20th
The first ever Special Olympics were held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. Over 1,000 developmentally disabled kids from the US and Canada. The event was organized by Eunice Kennedy Shriver. Today the Special Olympics is the largest sports organization for kids and adults with intellectual disabilities with over 5 million athletes from 172 countries.

July 26th
In Search of the Last Chord by the Moody Blues is released.

Shades of Deep Purple by Deep Purple is released.

July 28th
The novel, Last Exit to Brooklyn, is cleared of all charges related to the Obscene Publications Act. This was considered a turning point in British censorship laws.

Otto Hahn, German chemist, Nobel winner and discoverer of nuclear fission passes at age 89.

July 31st
The film, The Heart is a Lonely Hunter, based on the novel by Carson McCullers, is released in theaters.

In April of 1968, a schoolteacher by the name of Harriet Glickman, wrote to Charles M. Schultz urging him to create a black character. On this day in 1968, Franklin was introduced to the Peanuts gang.

Copyright held by Peanuts Worldwide LLC.

Be sure to come back at the end of next month for events from August 1968!

June 1968
May 1968
April 1968
March 1968
January & February 1968

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